A migraine is usually a moderate or severe headache felt as a throbbing pain on 1 side of the head
Migraine is a common health condition, affecting around 1 in every 5 women and around 1 in every 15 men. They usually begin in early adulthood.
Migraines can severely affect your quality of life and stop you carrying out your normal daily activities. Some people find they need to stay in bed for days at a time. But a number of effective treatments are available to reduce the symptoms and prevent further attacks. Migraine attacks can sometimes get worse over time, but they tend to gradually improve over many years for most people.
Causes of Migraine
The exact cause of migraines is unknown, although they're thought to be the result of temporary changes in the chemicals, nerves and blood vessels in the brain. Around half of all people who experience migraines also have a close relative with the condition, suggesting that genes may play a role.
Treatment for Migraine
You should see a GP if you have frequent or severe migraine symptoms. Simple painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, can be effective for migraine. Try not to use the maximum dosage of painkillers on a regular or frequent basis as this could make it harder to treat headaches over time. You should also make an appointment to see a GP if you have frequent migraines (on more than 5 days a month), even if they can be controlled with medicines, as you may benefit from preventative treatment.
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