What is Endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the womb starts to grow in other places, such as the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Endometriosis can affect women of any age. It is estimated to affect as many as one in 10 women worldwide. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions — abnormal bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to stick to each other. Endometriosis can cause pain — sometimes severe — especially during menstrual periods. Fertility problems also may develop.
Symptoms of Endometriosis
Most women with endometriosis have no symptoms. However, when women do experience signs and symptoms of endometriosis they may include: Painful periods (dysmenorrhea). Pelvic pain and cramping may begin before and extend several days into a menstrual period. You may also have lower back and abdominal pain. Pain with intercourse. Pain during or after sex is common with endometriosis. Pain with bowel movements or urination. You're most likely to experience these symptoms during a menstrual period. Excessive bleeding. You may experience occasional heavy menstrual periods or bleeding between periods (intermenstrual bleeding). Infertility. Sometimes, endometriosis is first diagnosed in those seeking treatment for infertility.
Diagnosis of Endometriosis
Laparoscopy is the only reliable method for diagnosing endometriosis. It's a minor surgical procedure that allows your doctor to view the inside of your abdomen and to collect tissue samples. These samples can be tested to confirm an endometriosis diagnosis.
Causes of Endometriosis
The condition tends to run in families, and affects people of certain ethnic groups more than others. retrograde menstruation – when some of the womb lining flows up through the fallopian tubes and embeds itself on the organs of the pelvis, rather than leaving the body as a period.
Treatment for Endometriosis
Endometriosis is a long-term condition that can have a significant impact on your life, but there are treatments that can help. There is no cure for endometriosis, and surgical or medical treatments remain the most effective methods of managing the condition. However, making dietary changes is a complementary approach that may help some women manage their symptoms. Keep in mind that just as symptoms of the disease vary from person to person, treatments that work best for one woman may not be right for another. Increase Your Intake of Omega-3 Fats Avoid Trans Fats Cut Down on Red Meat Eat Plenty of Fruits, Vegetables and Whole Grains Limit Caffeine and Alcohol Cut down on Processed Foods Try a Gluten-Free or Low-FODMAP Diet Soy May Be Beneficial
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